For advance and challenging courses undertaken in one’s undergraduate academic career, absolute grades or GPA does not necessarily indicates the abilities of a student. This is especially so where grade inflation is more rampant than before and tougher courses are not weighted.
Class rank might be a more accurate way to signal that student’s abilities relative to his/her cohort. In particular, the physics department with which I did my undergraduate do not partake in scaling of grades.

Suppose I would like to obtain my class rank after graduation, what would be the most appropriate channel to do so?

I did by undergraduate course in Information Technology. I somehow managed to pass it with a good score. Then I applied for Computer Engineering here in Korea. After I came here I got introduced to the Research paper thing. I never had done that in my study before. And I got to know that I need to find my own area of research and write an paper for my graduation. I’m reading papers on Spatial Computing and Spatial database, but I don’t know why I don’t understand the papers. So I need to find things that I need to know before I start to read the papers so that I would understand the papers. And the paper contains lot of equations and algorithms. I really find it hard to understand as my undergraduate course didn’t had any subjects related to mathematics. I feel so helpless as I can’t find the relevant thing. Or I might need a guide. Experts please help me 🙁

As already stated elsewhere, an author may be asked to serve as journal referee once his contribution to the field is established – the number and quality of his/her papers as metric for expertise. But how does this work in large collaborations (hundreds or more) where authors are listed alphabetically, and/or the paper submission is handed over to a committee?

My son (3rd yr zoology in the UK) has an exam tomorrow, in which the task is to write an essay on the history of a(ny) branch of science. The idea is that the students can research and prepare their essay in advance and in the exam write it down from memory.

Now, my son has prepared his essay (on a subject obvious given his degree) only to find out less than 48h before the exam (tomorrow morning) that his topic is identical to that of an example essay published by the department online (but of which he was unaware) and which is quite similar to his. Obviously, if now writing his essay as intended, it will come across as plagiarised. So what can he do?

Inspired by the question How can co-authors check the status of a submitted manuscript in Elsevier Editorial System?, I would like to broaden the scope of the question and apply it to various publishers. In general, I feel that by default, coauthors cannot track the progress of a submitted manuscript during the review process.

Are there exceptions to this rule of thumb?

I’m in my final year of my bachelor degree (Netherlands). In fact, I am resitting this particular class since I did not submit the portfolio last time. I have agreed to start writing my thesis today in collaberation with a business on the condition that I would receive a pass grade on the portfolio for this class that was due two weeks ago. I submitted it, fully following grading criteria that I found in the syllabus. Last Friday I would receive my grade.

I received 43/100. I needed 55/100 to pass. The grading criteria were very different from the criteria mentioned in the syllabus. In particular not a single word was mentioned in the syllabus about a certain chapter required in the portfolio worth 20. I and various other students missed that part.

It turns out the syllabus change was communicated in an extra class that I was not aware of. This class was not visible in my agenda. It was not uploaded to the Blackboard environment nor communicated by e-mail. The extra class was recorded and a link to the video was posted in a Slack environment that is not official.

I would be allowed to resubmit the portfolio 8 weeks from now, be graded 2 weeks later and then start writing my thesis. The professor (who realized the communication on this was poor) allows me to resubmit the portfolio as soon as possible instead

Meanwhile, I had to communicate this change to the company I would be collaberating with. They are, understandably, not happy. Moreover, this change requires me to enroll an extra semester and as such is quite a big financial burden on me.

What can I do? Can I appeal? If so, to whom? Will appealing be able to change anything? Depending on when I can possibly start my thesis, I may not be able to finish before the two-yearly thesis defence.

I’ve been MS student and completed all my courses in years 2012-2014, but instead of taking my master’s exam in 2014 (which is requirement for graduation) I took a break. I have defended my master’s thesis and passed the master’s exam this year. During this break out period I wasn’t student, so I am unsure how should I state this on my resume and make it look as good as possible.