I am reading a thesis that was printed from a microfilm copy. It is arranged like this:

Abstract...........................(3 pages with no page number)
Acknowledgements...................pages i-ii.
Table of contents and figures......pages iii-xvii.
Chapter 1..........................pages 1-18.

I want to cite inline in the ([LASTNAME] 1972:[PAGE]) format something from the abstract pages that is not said as well and explicitly elsewhere in the thesis.

This is quite unusual, is there a standard way of citing a page appearing before page i?

I will be going for my undergraduate thesis under a professor (at a different institute than my home university) in May 2018. I will work with him from May – December 2018. I plan to apply to graduate school (for my masters) for fall 2019, so applications will be done around November 2018.

Since some professors have different policies of writing recommendations for students (for some 6 months is a short time of work to write a good letter, some have other conditions), I am thinking about asking the professor whether he would be willing to write recommendation letters for my applications during November, provided of course he is satisfied with my work.

I thought this would be better to get out of the way beforehand, so that he will know that I am willing to do substantial work during this time, and am willing to take on as much work as he feels is necessary to do before he can write a strong recommendation letter. This will also help me strategise for graduate school admissions and prevent me from being put on the spot if he refuses to write a recommendation in November.

Is this (asking about recommendation beforehand) a standard practice? I feel he shouldn’t mind because I am trying to cover all my bases and plan for my future. I feel it will be better for the both of us if we agree on all such conditions beforehand.

I am an undergraduate student very much interested in internal combustion engines and wish to do MS in this field. I have co-authored a paper and authored another one related to this field. Both are part of a reputed journal. Please let me know of the universities who are researching extensively in internal combustion engines.

I have two very good admission offers from good universities in the US, and I am having a hard time choosing between them. So much that I am starting to consider less relevant factors, such as the position of the department in the different rankings. I believe that the ranking from the US News and World Report is the most prestigious one. However, they only show the top-10 departments on my field. I would need to pay 30 USD to see the full ranking. Is it worth it?

I want to submit my article in a reputed SCI journal. Is it necessary to read and cite articles from sci journals only so as to publish your article in some other SCI journal ?
I am asking this because there are a lot of non-SCI journals as well (including the predatory and just-for-profit fake journals) and if we cite some data particularly from those fake journal articles, will it not somehow make our article of poor quality and hinder the chances of getting my article selected in some SCI journals ?

Edit:
SCI= Science Citation Index

I was second author on a paper that was accepted to a large and somewhat prestigious conference–the first author was the one who presented it (as part of a panel, not a poster), but because I’m early in my career I’d still like to highlight it somewhere on my CV. I think I’ll create a section like “Other Research” or “Other Papers” or something so it’s not misleadingly put with peer-reviewed publications.

Does this sound like a good strategy? And how should I actually format the citation itself? Do I put “accepted at Conference X, presented by Name”?

I’m a relatively old student (29F) Currently applying for PhD positions in ecology, mainly in Europe.

Many applications encourage adding 3 letters of recommendation. I have two solid ones related to my MSc thesis topic. I’m on the fence about what to add as a third reference. I worked as a research assistant in various projects. Most of the time, I worked alongside PhD students. They know me well and could write informative statements. The profs who are running the projects haven’t really worked with me, even though I was officially hired by them.

My question is: Should I go for a general letter from a prof who doesn’t know me, or go for a statement from A PhD student who can write better, more informative things about how I work? How important are the letters anyway?

I’ve started writing my dissertation after a bit of a disaster with my field research. I’m getting the type of degree where we collect our data and analyze only after, not during collection.

My advisor has me on a rigorous schedule which I agreed to because I knew she wouldn’t accept anything else. I had my first round of edits from her and then the second and the response to the two was night and day. First she said I did a great job and then she said my chapter was incomplete. I explained to her (twice) that I wanted to wait to write one of the sections until later and she told me that she is concerned that my paper was late.

I showed her it was not late, and she said, no, she didn’t actually mean late, she meant incomplete because of the section I had missed and because I hadn’t written 2-3 paragraphs to cap off the end of my sections (which I consider does not render the chapter “incomplete” because I didn’t even know I needed them and that’s why students send their chapters to their advisors).

This is not the first time this has happened where she says one thing at one point and then another the next. She’s clearly a mircomanager, but I don’t know how to deal with somebody who keeps changing their mind. For financial reasons, I can no longer live near my university and all of our communications are over email. I don’t have an issue being assertive about my project, but she doesn’t seem to respond to that like a lot of recommendations suggest.

I have about a year to go at this point. What do I do?

I have looked everywhere for an answer to this question. I don’t often use APA format. In Chicago, when referencing in-text an annual report over a span of years, one simply types: (Smith, multiple years). I’m referencing an economic report, published annually, to analyse performance over a span of six years. Must I create a separate reference for each year, or may I do the same as in Chicago?
Best guess is the reference will look like:
Smith, J. (2002-2016) Annual Report
OR
Smith, J. (Multiple years) Annual Report