I did Economics for my Undergrad but I switched to Philosophy for my Taught master degree. I absolutely love Philosophy but I only have a Merit for it, so I didn’t think I would be competent enough for a PhD so I have been working in banking for about 1.5 yr instead.

But now I want to apply to another Taught Master degree which focuses on Logic, with the goal of applying to a PhD eventually, since I feel that I need a Master to boost up my knowledge/exposure in Philosophy and Logic before jumping to PhD.

The problem is I have very little I can talk about in my cover letter and CV…

When I look at the others’ CV I see a long list of awards, publications…etc. In contrast, I have hardly any exposure to Philosophy from my Undergrad except a course in ethics, and one in intro to logic.

From my Master I have 5 paper assignments + 1 dissertation with no in-depth research to talk about (since my dissertation really just explained two opposing theories in my own words without much original input from my own, I simply did not have enough ideas about Philosophy back then to develop my own ideas).

I have indeed been self-studying logic/discrete maths on my own while I have a 9-6, sometimes 9-7 job. This is perhaps my biggest pros since I think it does take determination, but it seems cheeky to elaborate on it and also difficult to develop as a point. I also haven’t been making a good progress on it since I can only do about 1 hr of studying every night…

All in all I don’t think my CV would last more than 1 page, so I am desperate for any idea to expand on it. Could anyone please help? Thank you so much!

He is a well-going dentist and plastic surgeon in Germany.

As I can decode it, I can see:

  • Prof, meaning that he is a full-time permanent teacher on a University
  • “Dr. med” means he has a Phd in medicine
  • “Dr. med dent” means he has another Phd in dentistry
  • “Dr. med habil” means he has also a habilitation (as I know, it means he is an old prof with high prestige, but I what is its accurate meaning?)

Am I correct? Currently there were here some changes in the academical title system regarding the EU, his title may in the new or in the old (non-EU) system.

What does it mean?

What does “a few days” mean in the following context? In response to me sending a short, eight-page paper to a math professor for review, he said (emphasis mine):

Sorry, I’ll look at this but might take me a few days to get to it.

This is about relative time from a possibly very busy man with lot of accolades in his belt. He is professor at top-3 PhD program. I am a student at a top-10 school. His response came the day after I sent the paper. It had been twenty days since he responded and so I sent him an email asking has he looked into the technique and if the proposition there makes sense. He has not responded for two days yet.

So does a few mean infinity here? Is this a polite decline or is there a real good chance he will look at it?

I’m an undergraduate mathematics student at a US university applying to graduate school.
I took two classes with a professor and did extremely well – he loved me, and when I asked him to write me a letter of recommendation he promised to write a very strong one. He liked me so much that he actually sent me his letter so I could see what he thought of me.

The letter is highly flattering and I am extremely grateful, but it is only two or three paragraphs long, less than half a page. This made me nervous so I looked up features that a letter might have. This letter has only a bit of specific information and mostly speaks in vague, but highly positive, generalities – i.e. “the student did well in my very rigorous class” with no supporting evidence as to what made the class rigorous.

I am very worried that an admissions panel may see it as a vague, formulaic letter and discard it. I truly believe this professor has very high confidence in my abilities and that the letter is sincere, but I don’t think that it is effective. I asked for the letter pretty early on in the semester and reminded him three weeks ago so I don’t think time was the issue.

What should I do? Would it be rude to ask him to rewrite the letter with details and supporting examples? I am almost tempted to seek out a different professor to avoid asking him. Any advice would be useful.

A research paper called “Optimization-Based Reconstruction of a 3D Object From a
Single Freehand Line Drawing” if you look it up in google scholar you will find that it’s published in ACM in 2007

Optimization-based reconstruction of a 3D object from a single freehand line drawing –
H Lipson, M Shpitalni – ACM SIGGRAPH 2007 courses, 2007

however another paper cited the same paper as published in 1996

H. Lipson and M. Shpitalni. Optimization-based reconstruction
of a 3d object from a single freehand line drawing. Computer-
Aided Design, 28(8):651–663, 1996.

First, how should I cite it. Second, what is the meaning of a paper having 2 different publishing dates and publishers given that the paper that had cited it was published in 2009.

I’m applying to math Ph.D. programs which usually give the option of uploading a sample of some original work. Very recently I have produced some of my first serious results but I haven’t yet had the time to write them up anywhere near the standards of publication (and doing so isn’t an option since I only have a few days before the big Dec. 15 deadline). For example I’m missing proofs of lemmas, there is no explanatory text in between the math, etc.

My question is whether I have anything to gain by submitting something like a very rough working paper. I’m not sure if it’s essential because my statement of purpose contains a brief account of the results and techniques. Also I expect the professor who advised it will validate that it is good work in his recommendation.

I’m a fourth year student earning a degree in computer science. I have a fairly high gpa, completed two research projects, and have conducted myself honestly through my entire career. A few weeks ago, we received an assignment comprised of 3 sections. My class partner and I decided to work separately on a single module and then collaborate on the last section. After a few days, my partner brought it to my attention that he had found the entire assignment on Github. This bothered me, but I ultimately made the decision to not back out if he decided to plagiarize his section. After completing both of our sections(I did mine honestly) we began collaboration on the final part. At this point, I made the regrettable decision to mimic a significant portion of the other programs structure.

I feel incredibly guilty about this. If this were an individual project, I would fess up to the professor and accept whatever consequences. However, since my partner(who I also consider a friend) is graduating, and starting a well paying job in a nearby city, I feel obliged to hope for the best and see things through.

I do not consider myself to be an unethical person, but high levels of stress and a bad influence caused me to make a bad decision. This I realize is my own fault.

We have not yet received a grade for the assignment, but I’m expecting the worst. How should I proceed? If I do get caught, what will the consequences be? If I don’t get caught, is there anything I can do to relieve myself of guilt without ruining my partners career?

I haven’t finished applying to one of the grad schools I’m interested in. But, one of the professors emailed me asking if I was still applying. He said I had strong letters of recommendations and told me a little bit about a project he is working on. Says he has student positions to fill. I assume he’s partially interested in me because of my degree in mathematics where other applicants probably have degrees in other fields.

I want to know a few things. One, if I havent actually sent in my application can he see it? Or can he only see the letter of recommendation? Two, is it common for professors to be the ones to reach out to a student? I know most people encourage contacting professors you potentially want to work with but was surprised when a professor contacted me. Three, would this increase my odds of getting into the grad school? I.e. if this professor decides he wants to work with me could he have influence over my admission? Lastly, he said if there’s enough interest on both of out parts he’d be willing to “support a trip to his lab”. How should I interpret that?

I’m a beginning doctoral student in the field of Machine Learning and I’ve been given several contradicting opinions on whether a PhD is worth it or not. I don’t want to spend the rest of my life in front of a desk doing research, but I would like to deepen my understanding on my field. I am interested for a career on industry. Some people say I’m wasting my time for doing the PhD and some people say it is worth it. My plan at the moment is to finish PhD as fast as possible and then continue my career in industry when I’m still young. Any opinions or recommendations on what I should do? 🙂


I want to add to this that I have already 2,5 years of work experience on industry (IT) already. For example I designed and implemented an online language skill tester for my university and have worked as a software engineer. So I wouldn’t be entirely newbie in programming after I finish my PhD…

My subject is about applying the techniques of Machine Learning on Big Data.

Thank you for any suggestions and guidelines 🙂

Undergraduate : Ivy League, BA Economics, 8 courses in philosophy(includes logic and epistemology)

Graduate : UK Top 5 MSc Economics (LSE, UCL, Warwick), taking the most advanced econometrics course


GRE : 166V, 165Q, 5.5AW

Work Experience : 4.5 years at a central bank, with 3 research papers

(Some examples of research contents)

  1. Kalman filter to estimate interest rate effects on household income by quintile in Japan

  2. Pooled OLS with time lags. time fixed effects and country dummy variables to estimate OECD countries’s labor mismatch effects on GDP (modified from Burgess(2003))*. OLS with crisis dummy variables and interaction term(which I think are called treatment effects) on GDP growth (adapted from a ECB paper written in 2015).

  3. Log decomposition of interest coverage ratios to determine what most influenced the ratios in specific countries between crises

    • I came up with the first two research topics, and for the second paper I created the initial regression model which mimicked a constrained optimization problem of GDP on labor vacancy and unemployment variables given the exchange rate — so I think some creativity is displayed in this process. They will be reflected on my recommendations. I have also read at least 50 research papers so far at work.

Training : MATLAB, STATA, Eviews(intermediate), Excel VBA, DSGE models (at the Bank of England), other

Recommendations : From 2 US PhD researchers, and 1 US MA researcher, who are all enthusiastic about my pursuing a PhD.

Concerns are no math courses at all and very low GPA(although my alma mater doesn’t calculate official GPAs). I had never ever thought of going to graduate school in economics; I had some idea that I might pursue a masters in philosophy but my initial life goal was to enter law school or MBA. However my first job, with a twist of luck, was at a central bank, which led me to this field. I already have a research proposal, which has to do with game theory applied to macroeconomic growth(somewhat like macro coordination failures, but more focused on modeling developing countries’ economies rather than general equilibrium).