Historically, industrial research has been conducted (surprise) in industry. However, I think that there is an argument to be made, especially in medicine, that industry has begun to “outsource” risk to academic labs. That is, industry (big company or small) will fund academic research, then adopt the technological advances that do successfully mature. It seems possible to argue that this trend can be seen as manifested or at the least related to the many small academically-based medical tech startups which are eventually gobbled up by larger companies.
While this appears to be true in medicine, is there any sign of this happening now or in the near future in other STEM fields?
If no, in which direction is this dynamic evolving in those fields?