This question already has an answer here:

So, I am but a semester away from graduating from College as a Computer Programmer in Canada. All is well in the grades department — Ive completed all assigned work and maintained a ~4.0 GPA throughout the course of my studies. However, I still feel anxious and have a sense that I’m entering the workforce without the base skill-set requisite for success.

Are these types of thoughts and feelings common among new graduates?

I recently got 2 researcher job offers in two different countries. The first one is from USA and the second one is from Japan. The professor in USA prepared all the documents for J-1 Visa and after getting them I have already issued a visa for 2 years.

Now I got another suitable job in Japan (more related to my interest and more salary). I am also very much interested to join in Japan. Though both jobs I applied in same time, but selection procedure in Japan took an extra month.

There was no commitments. I just accepted the offer from USA professor and signed in the offer letter. There was nothing mentioned about any commitments. The problem is, I was asked in the interview whether am I considering any other job positions in somewhere else. I reply yes, but my first preference is this one (the USA one).

So how to politely decline or inform my situation to the professor in USA? How would the professor in USA feel after everything done and denying at the end moment?

In my country (I live in Russia) the government puts in place some reforms in Education, and, in particular, the possibility for a person to have a position at a university now depends on his bibliometric rates. This causes numerous debates among academics because there is a difference between this bibliometry and the real value of a scientific research.

Since in the West this way to estimate the success of an academic is not new, I believe there are many investigations in this field, and, in particular, I think there must be some statistics on how the modern bibliometry evaluates the research of old scientists during their lives. Did anybody hear someting about this?

In other words,

Does anybody know if there exist statistical researches on bibliometric rates (like h-index) of old scientists (like Karl Weierstrass) during their lives?

(I stress this “during their lives” since this is important in the debates I am talking about.)

I am a mathematician, that is why I am intrested first of all in the statistics on mathematics, but this is not necessary, I would appreciate any references. Of course, the more data such a statistic would contain, the better.

What steps does a manuscript typically go through from submission to publication (or rejection) in a typical journal? How are these steps referred to, in particular by editorial systems, and how long do they each typically take?

Note that this question is about the typical situation and hence not about:

  • Journals with an atypical workflow, e.g. those that allow for an instantaneous reviewer–author interaction.
  • Exceptional steps or rare occurrences such as withdrawal or clerical errors.

This is a canonical question on this topic as per this Meta post. Due to its nature, it is rather broad and not exemplary for a regular question on this site. Please feel free to improve this question.

I’m currently in the first semester of MSc of psychology in a university in Germany and we got a lecturer from a university abroad who wanted to know what we had published. To his surprise, none of us had any publications. For us at least, not having any publications when entering the graduate program is normal.

I know of a couple of peers who were able to publish their bachelor’s thesis and one person who had several publications even before he started his masters, but at our university those are the exception, rather than the rule.

How is the situation in other countries and disciplines? Do undergraduates generally have any publications?

A member of our department plans to download millions of profiles from a public website. The data is freely accessible after you have logged in, though there is a company behind the website that does have commercial interests and sells premium memberships. The website’s terms and conditions don’t explicitly prohibit mass downloading of information and he claims that his software would simulate normal user behavior, thus not interfering with the normal operations of the site.

A preliminary evaluation from our ethics committee suggests that – from an ethical standpoint – everything would be fine as long as he doesn’t publish the dataset (which he doesn’t plan to do) and the data is anonymized. Also, he will aggregate the data, so no information pertaining to individuals will be intelligible.

Still, I am not completely convinced that this study should be done and the final vote is still pending. Are there any other things to consider? Could the company operating the website possibly sue the university (or him) for using the data or would that be condoned by an act protecting the freedom of press or anything similar? We are in Germany, so German and EU law applies.

Is it considered okay within in academia if the manuscript you wish to submit for publication is peer-reviewed by someone you know?

For my case specifically, the someone would not be in the same field or anything close for that matter (think Literature vs. Bioengineering) but they work in the same university tutoring center as me.
Although I do not think that there would be any bias on part of the people I ask, I was wondering how this would be viewed by the publishing journal or editors.