I am a deferred action student, meaning that I apply for in-state resident tuition but I am not a US citizen (non-permanent resident).
I have a work card that allows me to work like any other citizen and pay taxes accordingly.
However, due to me being a non-citizen, I’m concerned that I may not be able to receive funding for PhD. My family does not have a lot of money and we spent a lot of money for my undergrad education (I don’t qualify for FAFSA either) so without financial aid, I’m not able to attend graduate school. Even with my part-time job, most of my earnings went into paying for GRE and application fees.

Do university departments offer financial aid to non-citizens (but not international) as well? Most of the departments I saw state that they offer guaranteed funding through the 5th year of a student’s PhD but do not explicitly say if it’s available to students such as myself.

Suppose a student gets two GRE and toefl scores and he can’t decide which scores are more suitable for sending, so he sent all of them anyway. The students may want to decide recipients of their scores even before they know their scores just to save money(ETS allows up to 4 free recipients but they must be decided before or on test dates).

His scores are:

GRE

V 152 Q 168 AW 3.5

V 158 Q 164 AW 3.0

The student improved his score a lot in verbal reasoning and dropped in Quantitative Reasoning and analytical writing since he focused too much on the preparation of verbal reasoning.

TOEFL

Reading 29 listening 27 Oral 20 Writing 25

Reading 27 listening 24 Oral 24 Writing 25

The total score of the first one is greater but the second one is better in speaking session, which is important for getting TAships.

My question is, in such cases, how will the graduate committee consider this student’s scores. Will they feel annoyed by having to look at two ETS transcripts? Will they only look at the latest scores?

What are some typical examples of “academic politics” that professors face in academia?

Does academic politics mainly affect younger professors?

I’ve seen the term “academic politics” come up in some past questions on this site, but I realize that I don’t actually know what it means – I just know that it is something that can cause students to quit PhD programs and professors to leave academia.

(I kept the question specific to STEM fields of research at U.S. universities, just in case my question would be too broad without it.)

I have submitted a small piece in two legal Journals, one for the Journal’s blog and one for an on-line version of it but haven’t heard from them for quite a while. These sections are the only ones where they publish student submissions. I submitted to the first one on 12 May, didn’t get any response and I e-mailed them on 27 May just to make sure they received it and I finally got a response on May 31 asking for extended cuts. I expanded the article to meet the second journal’s standards and I submitted it on 25 June. Meanwhile I submitted the cut version to the first journal on 3 August. On August 18 I tried to send an e-mail to confirm that the second journal had received my piece and the e-mail that I sent to the original submission address failed to deliver (I received a relative notification). Anyway, I e-mailed the general submissions address of the second journal to let them know of the problem and ask if I need to re-submit and have received no response until today.

I know that it may seem that it is not a long time but the short version of the paper is 4 pages and the long one 7, so it shouldn’t take much time for the editors to finish reviewing it (another journal responded within two weeks). Also I need to increase the number of my publications to apply for some positions asap. Should I try to re-contact any journal or should I just keep waiting?