I’m taking a 3-year college in software development, and, where i live (Brazil) it’s not considered a Bachelor (4 years, at least), but i dont know where my course fits in canada’s classification, its not an associated (2 years) neither a Bachelor (4 years), what’s the most equivalent to my degree in Canada? (I cant apply for equivalence programs, i didnt finish my college yet).
Am I able to apply for a master in canada with my 3-year college?

I am an 18 years old student who is just about to graduate from high school after official exams. For that, I am really confused about my choice for a major to study.
I have passion in studying math and physics and look deeply into the concepts and beyond my lessons. It was always easy for me, relatively, to understand and succeed in these classes. For me, it is really joyful to observe and analyze physical phenomena and concepts using my mathematical knowledge.
After being forced to choose a major now and to apply for universities, taking into consideration our financial status, my only choice for a university is one which has an entrance exam for engineering, but none for Physics. This university is the only one that belongs to the government and in my country it is hard to find a job if you are graduating from this university, unless you complete your studies in another country. The problem is that what I love is majoring in Physics because it is convenient with my ways of thinking and what I want, but I am not sure if engineering is a better major for me because I am still at a young age and I know nothing except what I am good at at this time. But for a major, I am finding it hard to choose between Engineering and Physics.
If anyone could help guiding me on a way to choose wisely my major he/she would really save me from taking a choice that I would regret later on. Thanks!

I (very) recently completed a Real Analysis course at my university. One day during the course I went to see my lecturer regarding an error I spotted in his notes.

The notes set for our course were written and typed up by our lecturer. Upon verifying this error my lecturer opened up the source .tex files for his notes and corrected the error and recompiled the notes in front of me (he was sitting down at his desk and I was standing next to him).

As someone who’s used to typing up stuff in TexStudio I was very intrigued by what LaTeX editor he was using as it seemed like something I never saw before, and honestly it seemed like the ideal LaTeX editor setup at first glance. I thought of asking him at the time but I assumed that I would be crossing some boundary.

Fast forward to now, and I have quite a good relationship with this (now former) lecturer of mine, having completed his course just a few weeks ago.

Would it be frowned upon if I sent him an email asking him what his LaTeX editor setup is? (I’m assuming it’s Emacs with auctex and with some sort of custom theme). Would any lecturer consider this as an invasion of privacy or crossing some boundary?

A month ago I applied for a postdoc in a renowned institute in my field. Through the process of evaluating the different candidates, an assessment was performed by other professors from the same institute but from a different team.

An assessment here means a paragraph written by someone in the field but not the potential PI that summaries the candidate studies and experience and ends with: qualified or not qualified for the job.

My assessment was very positive so I reached the interview stage but at the end I didn’t get the job. Two weeks later the professor that wrote my assessment published a postdoc position ad, and I’m very interested in the offer. The institute is famous in my field and the position fits with both my expertise and interest.

Question: Do you think that applying for this postdoc position only after few weeks will be regarded negatively by this professor? Do you think that I will look like someone who wants to work in the institute no matter what?

I began my PhD in September 2017 as a part-time student and have recently (May 2018) switched over to full-time studies. I am trying very hard to understand what it is like to be a PhD student, and how should I go about thinking about it and putting myself in that mindset. Essentially, what I would like to ask you all is, what mindset should I have while working on my PhD, and what are some mental exercises/tips that I can meditate on to reach that mindset? Thanks in advance for your help!

I have the possibility to organize a special track/session at a small computer science conference, however at the moment I’m in the last year of my PhD study.

The special session includes an introduction presentation (related to an editorial) by the organizer (me in this case), some accepted papers presentations, and an “Open Discussion and Closing Remarks” chaired by me as well.

Although I believe to have enough expertise/general knowledge on the topic of the session, do you think it’d be appropriate for me as a PhD student to do this? Or is everyone expecting a doctorate or a professor to organize such sessions?

I’m at the stage of my PhD where I’m beginning to write my thesis.

At the beginning of my PhD, my supervisor asked me to go back and repeat some work done by the student who had the project before me. This was meant to be a ‘breaking in gently’ exercise, but ended up taking over 18 months because of missing data and incorrect conclusions necessitating things to essentially be redeveloped from scratch. I think in fairness there was a certain degree of naivety on the part of my supervisor not realising how long things take – he’s quite hands off, especially in recent years as he got elected to become head of the school.

That said, this situation has caused a fair deal of conflict over the last 4 years. My supervisor resents the fact that I spent so much time not ‘getting anywhere’, and I resent wasting a large proportion of my funding not really doing anything useful (the previous work has been published, and my new contributions don’t deviate so significantly to warrant an additional publication). The whole situation is compounded by the fact that the student in question was the ‘golden girl’ of the lab, so any criticism of her work falls on deaf ears (its something of an in-joke within the group, as the girl in question is generally understood not to be terribly great in the lab).

I recently gave a draft of a few chapters to my supervisor, and without reading them fully he immediately asked them to be re-written to avoid any criticism of the previous work, citing me as the issue, rather than the previous work (multiple people have verified the mistakes with the previous work).

I’m unsure of what to do, and would welcome some advice. I don’t really need my supervisor at this point as I already have a job and don’t need his permission to submit, but at the same time would like to ameliorate the issue to reach some kind of compromise. Equally, I don’t want to yield to his will, as after wasting 18 months fixing the previous work, I want to tell the story.

To clarify, and as I can’t comment – my supervisor wants me to ignore the entire 18 months of work. For obvious reasons this is undesirable.

X gave some nanoparticles to Y lab 2 years ago. I worked on biological characterization of these particles in Y lab as a postdoc (second postdoc) and wrote a manuscript at the end of my 2 year contract. X lab had said when I joined Y lab that their work on the nanoparticles was almost ready for publication (so approximately 3 years) but till now they have not published the work.

Three years later, they haven’t published the synthesis work. Now it is about a year since I left Y lab and there has been lack of communication across teams. Y lab people do not want to annoy X lab but do not have any plan in place of what is to be done. Y lab doesn’t keep me in the loop and only when I ask they respond with a lame excuse for delay. If I question the excuse they ignore me till I send them a few follow-ups only with a new excuse.

Is there are any workaround the situation of the materials provided if I were to publish? And also if there is no technical reason, Y lab cannot keep blocking my paper from being put on the preprint server at least. So if at all they wash their hands off the paper (I don’t think they will back off easily), how can I go about the issue of the materials provided that we used in our study if X lab refuses to be coauthors?

I am a sophomore college student in the US. I have a friend who is currently in medical school, and has successfully used the to-be delineated strategy, and has gained admission into said medical school.

Strategy: Is it a legitimate strategy to simply learn to use EndNote and format citations for researchers (and subsequently get last author on multiple papers) to get publications on one’s CV?