As the title states: How should one deal with the situation of constantly being asked for the notes of a lecture, summaries of book chapters, flash cards, etc by other, fellow-students?

I do not mind to share my stuff with my study-group, because everyone is working hard in the group, and we all benefit from each other, however what I do mind, is strangers (from my course) approaching me for my work; it even went as far as people offering me money for summaries, and other work of mine.
Also, I don’t mind when someone approaches me asking for an explanation to something; I like to explain material to other people; since I benefit from that as well. I, and others, however feel that it would be unfair to give away the work, on which we worked on very hard, to someone who didn’t do anything.

I know it would be easy to just give in, and thus having dealt with the problem. I just fear that:

  • The students will come back for more
  • They will give me the guilt if they can’t study with my notes and don’t receive the grade they wanted
  • It will go around and more and more people will come to ask

So, how can one politely deal in such a situation? I do not want to appear as hubristic or miserly.

I am an undergraduate.

NB: since this is my first post, please feel free to edit my chosen tags

In academia is common to hear the phrase ‘publish or perish’ and also that your articles have to be of high quality. So e.g. 4 articles in low impact journals worth as 1 article in a well ranked journal.

But then my questions:

  • Is it always guaranteed the high quality of your papers if you publish in a high impact journal?

  • Or there can be the possibility that your (theoretical) high quality papers, published in good journals, are actually low quality?

  • Is it all about number of citations?

I am new to Academia so please forgive my naivety.

A friend of mine is studying biology at a UK university and told me about this situation that happened last semester.

An assignment was set on one of her courses, and as the deadline date approached, the lecturer sent out an email stating that the first person to submit their assignment would be guaranteed an automatic first (the top mark available).

She felt this was unfair (what if the first person to submit rushed their work and completed the questions poorly, yet were rewarded for their haste?) but due to the intimidating nature of this particular lecturer, she did not say anything.

My questions are:

Is rewarding the first submission purely because it was the fastest common practice in UK universities (or elsewhere)?


What can be done by the student to prevent this situation happening again?

Whilst writing a paper about the use of digital technologies within education, it became apparent that it would be beneficial to reference the current year (in this case, 2016) to give the paragraph context, particularly with the rapid pace of change within this topic.

What is the best manner to make this kind of reference in the APA style?


At the time of writing (2016), current computing trends…

Currently (2016), computing trends…

As of 2016, current computing trends…

My brother is currently studying Statistics at the University of Padova (Italy).
He just started the last year of the bachelor and now he wants to start planning his future. After the bachelor he would like to do a master concerning big data and he would prefer to stay in Europe.
I personally don’t know anything about those stuff (I study math) and I can’t help him.

Do you know in which European country the study of big data is better developed?
How is the actual scenario?

I am at the end of my second year of a tenure-track position (my institution uses calendar years instead of academic ones) with a heavy load of service. This academic year I was assigned to work on six committees. I defended my dissertation in 2013. I intended to turn the dissertation into a book but after three years applying to jobs while having temporary positions I barely could find the time to work on it. My mentor suggested to publish the dissertation chapters as journal articles since the book is not required for tenure and it has been the norm in the department. My specialization is Spanish literature. I have mixed feelings about this but I know that with the teaching and service load it would be extremely hard to work on the book; especially since I will have to translate it (it was written in Spanish). Would you publish the dissertation as articles and then think of a new project for a future book publication?

As I check forums to compare top UK schools (specifically: Oxbridge and Imperial College) v.s. top US schools (MIT, Stanford, Caltech, etc.), most of people have mentioned the subjects, just like stuffs below, to consider higher priority for electing US schools:

  • The UK academic system is archaic, as the yearly system of examination has a very important role in the students’ studies.

  • Students must choose their major, at first, and continue to the end.

But, all of these cases are about the undergraduate studies.

In the case of graduate studies, one often consider all top ten schools in the same level, roughly, where the most important factor could be the coherency between the graduate student and her supervisor.

If we confirm above argument, there is no real difference for an international student, in view of the academic system. Actually, the remained factors would be the whether, funding and stuffs like that?

Is there any important factor (except supervisor) for an international graduate student, to opt between potential offers the top universities in US and GB?

I’m an undergraduate writing my CV.

I’ve given two presentations at undergraduate conferences on my (unpublished) research projects. I independently prepared my presentations but my lab mates/supervisor helped with the research. I want to list these presentations on my CV.

So my question is:

How do I properly credit the contributions of others for these conference presentations?

Should I just state the title of the talk and the conference name? Should I include the names of all the people that helped with the research? Since we didn’t publish any papers, how do I determine what order the names should go in? Would it okay to list them alphabetically?

Note: these aren’t peer-reviewed conference papers or anything. Any undergraduate student can submit an abstract and give a talk.

Brief question by Darren Chaker :

BitLocker is Whole Disk Encrypton for Windows. Although there are various reports government may bypass it through a differential power analysis, where the TPM chip’s power consumption is examined, while it performs encryption and decryption operations and then uses that information to recover the key – my question is easy: has private industry been able to bypass or circumvent BitLocker?