A similar question has been posted before, but it caters only to graduate studies in the US.

My question is whether a 3-year undergraduate degree would be sufficient to take up a Masters/PhD program in Europe (E.g. ETH Zurich) or Japan (E.g. University of Tokyo). Is it more to do with just the duration of the program, or with the number of credits that have been earned in the degree?

From what I’ve observed, universities in the US seem to be concerned with the duration of the program (they require 4 years of undergraduate studies) while those in Europe and Japan require a certain number of credits to be completed. However, I would like to verify these facts on this forum, before enrolling myself in a 3-year undergraduate program (I’m keen on taking up graduate studies abroad in the future).

I would like to major in Biology (Pure Sciences).

My article is published in “sensor letters” journal in September 2016.but they didn’t send the full article to us.Since that time, we have sent many emails to editor in chief. Also we call him,but I haven’t received my article yet.What can I do to about this problem?

I am currently at a Top-20 engineering school in the US. I am making great progress on my PhD and have an excellent relationship with my advisor.

My advisor is transferring to a Top-3 engineering school and wants to bring me.

I am concerned because I’m afraid that the Top-3 school will reject me (average undergrad GPA, crappy GRE, etc.). The good things I have are a fellowship with 3 more years of tenure, a high quality paper and a few talks.

Anyways, when advisors move does the new university just automatically accept students? I’m afraid that my bad undergrad GPA and GRE score will keep me from following my advisor and doing the research that I love.

For student employees in a higher education institution, what laws are there to protect them?

From my experience, university human resources does not provide much help if at all to student employees. A good amount of student employees depends on the financial aid (assistantship, some sort of tuition waiver etc) to stay in school.

these seem to be very common for student employees

  • low pay, usually not much higher than minimum wage
  • not eligible for benefits
  • no vacation days (paid or unpaid)
  • expected to work after hours, weekends, holidays without compensation (grade, financial aid often used as leverage to enforce the expectation)
  • discrimination in workplace
  • unsafe work environment, work related injury

I am an undergraduate math major at a top-5 university. This term I got a C+ in a computer science algorithms course, and I’m wondering how that would affect my prospects for grad school. My overall GPA is still okay (3.8), but I’m concerned how this C+ will look on my transcript for grad schools, since it is in a (kind of) related subject (CS), vs something like a humanities class.

I am doing research, etc. alongside my academics, as well as studying for the GRE to get as good test scores as possible. I guess I just want to know whether a C+ in this class would be a red flag for admissions, or whether it won’t be much of a factor. As a note, I am aiming for ~top-5 grad schools (since my undergrad is top-5), so I’m not sure if the criteria are different for these schools. Thanks in advance!

I am currently a student working for a professor full time over the summer on science / engineering research projects. My first meetings with this professor took place during the spring semester. During these meetings, the professor agreed to hire me and agreed (in speech only) to pay me for my work. No specifics were ever discussed and the remark about paying me was made casually. I have signed no financial paperwork of any kind at any time. If I were to get paid, I would almost certainly be paid minimum wage. After this meeting, payment for my work, which I have been doing most of the summer, has never been brought up again by the professor or anyone around them.

I have not brought this issue up to the professor because:

  1. The experience working on the projects I am being assigned is metaphorically worth its weight in gold to me right now. It is both work I am intensely interested in pursuing, and also a great resume experience listing for potential future employers.

  2. I am in a financial situation that allows me to offer my time for free. Since this is my first experience working on academic research, I did not want to be turned down by the professors I asked because of money. I also will almost certainly need to ask this professor for a letter of recommendation for future internships to very selective companies in the same industry as this professor. I also know this professor regularly communicates with high ranking industry professionals who work at the same companies as I want to apply to. Thus, my relationship to this professor is of paramount importance above all else.

  3. I will almost certainly be working for this professor through the end of the next academic year (however, I will have to work part time during the school year since I am a student). I have considered the possibility that it might be wiser to wait until I have worked for this professor longer before asking to be paid for my work. As far as the feedback on work I have already performed, I seem to produce results that are on par or better than they are expecting, and I deliver my results on or ahead of schedule.

All of this said, I still would like to get paid (however small an amount it may be) for this position since I am working full time and, when I was hired, the professor I work for did (again, verbally only) say I would get paid. I feel like I am in an awkward position here, and I am unsure what the best way bring this topic up is. How should I bring this up to professor if at all?

I have this particular situation, where I started one thesis during my master’s about X topic (which I love). I was asked to wait around 4 months while the base code was ready to work, but when the time arrived, the program was buggy and poorly coded. However, I studied all the theoretical background that they coded, and then debugged the software for around 3 months, but in the end, it never worked.

This professor was very helpful while I was debugging it, but when I decided not to continue with the project as it looked like the debugging was never going to end, he became angry and behaved as if the project failure was my fault… I was the one who should’ve been pissed off after more than half a year wasted in that project…

In any case, I graduated with another thesis and now I am looking for a PhD, in that X topic… I found a very interesting one very related to the thesis I was doing before, and I would like to include in the motivation letter, my background and the experience I got while I was debugging (in fact I learned more about the topic while debugging, than reading the theory).

What would be the best way to mention this project without backfiring at me, or being asked for a reference from that professor who will definitely not recommend me?


My goal is to find the general form for the asymptotic cardinality of a compound arithmetic progression. I’m not affiliated with a university and I certainly don’t have any obligation to continue my research. However, it is very fulfilling to me. I spend my time in the library; I study through the books on the shelves and I don’t really have anyone to tell me that my efforts are not good enough.

The problem comes in when I realized that if I was stronger in Analytic Number Theory, then I could start to look for the general estimate for the asymptotic cardinality of any compound arithmetic progression, and I’m terribly curious about how it works out. I am jealous of professional students with academic affiliations, access to reviewers, and journals; terribly. I admit that and it’s a big obstacle. And I’m envious that they had the opportunity to enjoy more prestigious settings. I wish I could get a foot hold like that too. But at the same time I just don’t think it’s going to be possible for me to be published or be respected on the same level, no matter what I do.

Is it healthy for me to behave like this? Or am I being too optimistic in thinking that I have something to contribute that could blossom into graduate level, age appropriate research and/or a funded project?

The point is that I’ve given up looking for a degree or trying to participate in the research projects of others; it places the burden on them to find a place for me in their work and I’d rather be sharpening my own offering instead of going on a wild goose chase. Math doesn’t require the same kind of budgetary overhead, or anywhere near the same level of oversight as the life sciences. I don’t need a lab. I don’t need dangerous chemicals or expensive equipment, and I don’t need a workshop, either.

The other question (of which this was marked as a duplicate) was asked by a much more established individual that already finished a Master’s degree and wanted to collaborate on somebody else’s research; putting together a CV to apply for a research spot is much easier when there’s something to anchor it.

I have been looking for someone to answer this for so long. Their website says they need outstanding results. But this can of course mean different things.

On their power engineering website, I calculated that a 3.0/4 GPA would ‘give me at least an average chance of getting called for an interview”. I can’t find any such information for computer science/robotics.

They also don’t have any admission statistics based on their acceptance.

I really like this university and I think it would be a good fit for me personally.

Therefore, if anyone can give me some idea about what kind of profile they look for, I would be really grateful.