Last year I completed an exam at University and a friend is doing the same exam/class this year.
Would it be cheating if I gave her my revision notes of the semester (written before I did the exam)? They don’t have any exam-related answers, just summarized lecture notes.
I read that it is cheating if a student has an unfair advantage over other students.
I don’t want to get her or myself in trouble.

Thank you.

I am a Master’s student so it’s safe to say that I’m new to the world of serious research academia. For a research project I would like to evaluate the spatial skills of a cohort of participants. After investigating available methods, I would like to use the Purdue Spatial Visualisation Test: Visualisation of Rotation or PSVT:R (Guay, 1977). All I need is a PDF of all the questions, and in a Google search I was able to find one (the first document returned, actually) but it is rather poor quality. Does anyone know how I can get my hands on a high quality copy of the test? Will I have to pay for it? Can my institution help?

So far I maintain the position that an exam question for a subject that is not related to culture should not be culture-specific. By that I mean a question should not contain any “jargon” only known mostly to the Americans. But I am not sure if it is just I am too cautious about such a topic that may possibly touch some discrimination issues.

I am applying for PhD programs in the United States this semester of Fall 2017 to hopefully enroll in Fall 2018. I am a prospective international student, and thus need to present both TOEFL and GRE scores for my application. I already scheduled dates for me to take these exams between September and October, and planned to submit my full application in November. However, in the ETS (the institution that applies both exams) webpage, I read that they email my scores to my target institutions two to three weeks after I take the test. Is it ok for me to email them my scores before I write my application or should I submit my application before that?

i am student of BS Botany 8th semester in government post graduate college Sahiwal, Pakistan. i want to share some info about my failure in passing just one subject that is zoology. when i was in 2nd semester, a teacher who’s name is Zubair Ahmed who taught us zoology, claimed me for a confession with girl who was actually my girlfriend and he failed me in his subject by giving sessional marks 0 and also failed me in practical of zoology by asking the examinar in front of me. I said sorry to sir many times for every my mistake in past but he refuged. I wrote an application for sorry to my department and they accepted instead of him. He is still failing me in zoology while i have passed genetics 1 and 2, environmental biology and ecology. Zoology is combination of these subjects and is very easy but i am still not able to pass this subject. what should i do? unfortunately that teacher is now controller of examination. A few days ago i received result of zoology and i was again fail. Oh God help me please. you guys also tell me what should to do me.

I am currently in Year 12 (13 in September) and took a combination of AS and A2-Levels in Mathematics this May/June. I just got my results back, and even though I am personally satisfied with them, they are not outstanding.

Now, I have always been good at mathematics (I have always been considered the go-to person for help by classmates, and have been praised a lot by teachers), but have always struggled with standardised tests like A-Levels and SATs, as they focus on very specific types of questions (sometimes they just change the variables) and expect a candidate to be able to rush through them.

Whilst I don’t mind doing badly in standardised tests (I always get 100% in the same tests when allowed to take more time, so I clearly do understand the material), I will probably not be offered an interview by a good university unless I manage to get 95%+ in most of my exams.

I intend on resitting most of my exams this year, but the results are likely to be the same unless I can change something.

Hence my question: how can I do better at timed tests like A-Levels given that the material is not the problem?

Often, on exams in particular, reverse trick questions are posed. These are questions which look tough, complex, and pompous, but are actually easy and can be solved by applying some basic method. I give an example later.

Why are these used by professors?

I think they are very inappropiate, since they put the smart student at a disadvantage, and the less smart at an advantage. If you ask a question which is designed to seem difficult, the smart student mentally approaches the problem as a difficult problem, and therefore gets ready to use the more complicated tools at their disposal. Thus, one might be working for a considerable time trying to apply a complicated technique on a problem, which could be solved in seconds if one spotted the easy ‘hidden’ method. This is in particular a problem on exams and tests, where time is an important factor.

Meanwhile, the less smart and stupid students approach the problem as they approach any other: “well, here’s a problem which concerns topic A, I only know that one basic easy method regarding topic A which they taught the first day, so might as well apply it and see where it gets me even though it seems unlikely to work, whoops, it actually did work!“, and they might be done with the problem immediately.

So, what do you think?


Here’s an example of math. I was once asked to take the integral of a very ugly looking function, it was a fraction, with both numerator and denominator looking like the spawn of the devil.

I spent some time trying to simplify it, so that I might get an idea of what sort of method would work best. I already disregarded integration by parts, since it was obvious that it would lead to many complicated terms that I wouldn’t want to bother with. Ultimately, this did not work.

Turns out, the actual solution is to not simplify it, not look for an appropiate method, but just blindly apply integration by parts to the expression in its original form. This method, by design, leads to many complicated terms disappearing and making the integral way easier to solve (something which was impossible to predict). This was of course intentional by the professor.

I think this is a question which smart students will take longer to solve (since they know more methods and are better at creative simplification), while less smart students will solve immediately (since their first and only thought will be to just apply integration by parts).

I recently faced a problem that is, I took a course at my university last year and got some grade for it, so for further improving it I gave the course this year again.

The course is purely evaluated based on oral exams on the take-home assignments that are handed out.

Coming back to the problem, I registered for the same course this year at my university, and apparently, the set of take-home exams are the same as the last year. Since, I know most of the correct answers, I just corrected the ones I made mistake on last year and submitted the improved set of the report this year.

However, it seems that the course instructor is not so happy about it (and does not want to evaluate me) as I just re-did the same assignments by improving the previous one.

Having said these, what I see as the problem is that in the course information they have not said anything that whoever is repeating the course should inform the teacher to get new sets. Also, I registered for the course with a new registration and not a mere re-sit. Since they have given the assignments the same, I don’t agree with them saying that they are not happy with the report that I handed in.

So for avoiding the conflict of interest, however, I withdrew from the exams, also, I know that in an ethical background that is the right thing to do (technically I did not do anything wrong).

Could you advise me who is right and wrong here and also please do advise me on the technical base, who is on the wrong side and what could I have done (I know that ethically this is wrong).