I am a young postdoc at a large crowded university in the USA. Also, I am not from the USA, so my school experience has been very different from the high school experience of my students.

Since I am teaching mathematics classes, I wonder whether there is a good and comprehensible summary the American students have seen in their high school mathematics classes.

Given the fractured education system in the USA, good and comprehensible may be mutually exclusive, but the question is worth a try.

While the Nobel laureates are announced each year, are there any online resources that list who was nominated?

In particular, I am asking the Academic side of Nobel prizes, especially in Chemistry, Economics, Literature, Physics, or Physiology-Medicine.

For example, Wikipedia says that Kazuhiko Nishijima (西島 和彦) was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1960 and 1961, but it is not clear where can we find the official/secondary information about other “short-list” nominees.

When the Nobel prizes are announced, we can find the names of Nobel prize recipients/laureate. Are there online resources that we can find the list of people who are nominated as strong candidates for Nobel prizes, even though he/she may not win the prize in the end?

In particular, I am asking the Academic side of Nobel prizes, especially in the Chemistry, Economics, Literature, Physics, or Physiology-Medicine.

For example, it is said that Kazuhiko Nishijima 西島 和彦 is nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1960 and 1961 in Wikipedia, but it is not clear where can we find the official/secondary information about the nominees who are strong candidates.

Background: I was born and raised in the United Kingdom and have a number of GCSEs and A-Levels. I am now living in the United States (by marriage/green card), and am looking to apply for jobs. Some of the jobs that have just caught my eye was Tutoring either Writing or Study Skills, at a community college. One job has the following requirement:

Documented two-year degree from a regionally accredited institution or its equivalent (junior level status at a college or university)

So, I am wondering, could my A-levels could be considered the equivalent of a US Associates degree?. I realise this is somewhat ambitious (especially as I only have two A-levels and a one-year BTEC roughly equivalent to an AS; but I do have other educational work experience)

I am aware there is no official rulebook for equivalency, the US Department of Education states it (source), but I am hoping there may be some unofficial but persuasive equivalency out there – like an agreement made by all the Russell Group universities or their US equivalent, or a court case, or something else quite decisive.

A summary of my reasoning and research so far is as follows:

Arguments For A-Level = Associates

  • The University of Michigan will accept Freshmen who only have 5 GCSE’s (source), putting the beginning of A-levels on par with beginning a Bachelor’s as a Freshman. (However they add that “IF A-levels are being taken”, give predicted grades…)

Arguments For A-Level = High School

  • A-Levels are completed at 18 years old, the same as the US High School Diploma

Arguments For A-Level = Something In Between High School and Associate’s

  • UCAS in 2013 listed the US High School Diploma as being equivalent to GCSEs, but gives UCAS points for US Advanced Placement Tests anywhere between 20 and 120 points (on the old UCAs system, 120 was one A-level at A grade, source), without giving points for Associate Degrees (presumably because they are too high?) (source from University of the Arts, London)

  • Various students have stated that their institutes have treated A-Levels as being equivalent to US Advanced Placement courses (anecdotal sources)

  • Chavagnes Private School (UK) states without source that UCAS treat AP as A-level; and also mention that a student with A-levels could expect to find themselves discounted for some of the first year’s work of a ‘university’. (source)

  • A US Associate’s Degree is listed as being equivalent to a UK HNC, that is, equivalent to the first year of a UK Bachelor’s Degree. (source from an e-learning provider) That is, above A-levels, but not by much.

I have asked my American wife, who completed two AP’s while in high school, what the different grades and groups for the Advanced Placements, given in the UCAS document, actually mean, and she doesn’t know.

If there is any more evidence I can use in addition to the above fragments, especially statements by a university like my one from Michigan, I would be very grateful for them to be provided.

I am awaiting my evaluation of my degree by the KMK (Kultusministerkonferenz). I paid the 200 Euro fee a month ago and am still waiting for a response. It is mentioned on their website that it takes three months for processing. Does anyone have any experience with this? Will it really take that long? And what is the probability of failing the evaluation? What are the criteria that they look into? Any help would be much appreciated.

I am awaiting my evaluation of my degree by the KMK (Kultusministerkonferenz). I paid the 200 Euro fee a month ago and am still waiting for a response. It is mentioned on their website that it takes three months for processing. Does anyone have any experience with this? Will it really take that long? And what is the probability of failing the evaluation? What are the criteria that they look into? Any help would be much appreciated.

I’m a third year undergraduate engineering student in India.

I am applying for a research program at a foreign university which will start at the of my third year. This internship program requires at least one and a maximum of two letters of recommendation. As is the case for many students in my college (and I suspect many Indian engineering undergrads as well), I do not have much interaction with most of my professors outside of classes. My grades are decent but nothing spectacular in my courses.

Hence, I only have one strong letter of recommendation from a professor with whom I am doing a project. The rest of my professors who I have spoken to about the same have only given me tepid responses and have advised me to come back only if I cannot find anyone else ready to give me a letter.

In this case, what should I do for filing my LoRs? Would it be better to submit only the strong LoR or should I submit a weaker LoR as well?

I am not sure about this. In some scenarios, seems like a “Licenciatura/Licenciado” degree is equivalent to a Bachelor’s Degree, or sometimes to a Master’s Degree.

Nevertheless, in some cases “Licenciatura/Licenciado” seems to correspond to a Doctoral Degree. Examples:

The equivalence between a Doctoral Degree and “Licenciatura/Licenciado” seems to be particularly the case when the later “allows to practice the profession“.

A closely related question would be: what is the equivalent degree of PsyD in the Spanish-speaking countries?

Are UNISA Bachelor of Education degrees recognized in the United Kingdom, Europe and United States? My daughter is half way through her first year at UNISA with a B.Ed Foundation Phase qualification. However, with the 2016 media info (re Qatar not accepting these) and hearsay, she is reluctant to continue studying through this institution if it is not worth anything overseas. I would appreciate sources that can officially verify this as well.